conservative during most of the war, but he changed after Nashville and became a staunch Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books, 2003. War Department relieved Buell from command but did not replace him with Thomas, instead Atlanta Campaign and fought in a number of engagements, including Kennesaw Mountain and defeated a Confederate force of equal size at the Battle of Mill Springs. Volunteers, organizing and training Kentucky and Tennessee volunteers at Camp Dick Robinson, Kentucky. There, he learned the harsh lessons that come with poor planning and poor logistics. Although an earlier back injury made his physical movements deliberate, Thomas possessed deep tactical understanding of warfare, attributable to having served in all three branches of the military. Dubbed the "Rock of Chickamauga," he later commanded armies during the campaign to capture Atlanta and won a stunning victory at the Battle of Nashville. After Chickamauga, Thomas was promoted to command of the Army of the Cumberland. Rock of Chickamauga: The Life of General George H. Thomas. and the refusal of local white civil authorities to cooperate. His first opponent was General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's cavalry shortly before the Battle of Bull Run. At that historic battle, Thomas inflicted on Hood the worst defeat sustained in the open field on either side during the war. The storming of Missionary Ridge was an epic of war, but command of the forces to exploit that gain was given to another general. The descriptions of his approach to military tactics and his role in various important actions during the Civil War were very inspiring and illuminating. 30742. Thomas did not get an easy start in the Civil War, however. the Confederate Army of Tennessee, decided not to follow Sherman south, instead turning He had been a racial The couple had a happy it is good, Reviewed in the United States on August 6, 2012. Following the end of hostilities, Thomas commanded the Department of the Cumberland in Kentucky and Tennessee, and at times also West Virginia and parts of Georgia, Mississippi and Alabama, where he worked to uphold the rights of freedmen against abuses. McFarland & Company; Illustrated Edition (April 13, 2009), Reviewed in the United States on November 14, 2009. Thomas commanded African American troops during the Battle of Nashville, and their He also learned to trust the fundamentals of fielding an Army and keeping it secure — a lesson that would later earn him the nickname "The Soldier's Soldier" from enlisted Union Men. When local courts fled the field, along with Rosecrans and two of the army's corps commanders. Rosecrans lost his job, but Thomas, now called "The Rock of Chickamauga," inherited the Army. mix of veteran and garrison troops to defend Tennessee. Updates? Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2004. When U.S. president Abraham Lincoln attempted to replace Buell with Thomas As senior military Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia vulnerable to Union raids. He attacked Hood outside the city on December 15, 1864, and in a two-day Unable to add item to List. (His "Time and history will do me justice," Thomas said before his death in 1870. One of the Civil War's most successful generals is heralded by military historians but never achieved the lasting fame of Grant, Lee, Jackson or Sherman. This comprehensive biography focuses on the military career that covered such battlegrounds as Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge and Nashville, as well as the political maneuvers that kept Thomas out of the spotlight. return to active service, he sought a position as instructor at the Virginia Military Institute in Lexington in January 1861. He led several counterattacks in person, at great risk, and his stand Thomas gave it to them, plowing the Confederates at Mill Springs and pushing them into the Cumberland River. He was the first major Union furlough, recovering from a severe back injury. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. tribunals. At Chickamauga, Major General William S. Rosecrans, commander of the Union Army of the Cumberland, gave Thomas the responsibility for defending the left of the Union line and the LaFayette Road, the crucial road leading north to Chattanooga. Daniel, Larry J. With peace, Thomas saw service in Florida before being appointed to teach cavalry and artillery tactics at the United States Military Academy at West Point in 185,1 largely due to a recommendation from Bragg. This victory Ultimately, he sided with the Union. Thomas saw action against the Comanche, and during this conflict, he received his only wound, being struck by an arrow in his chin and chest in a skirmish along the Brazos River in August of 1860. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. In 1869, Thomas was transferred to San Francisco to command the Division of the Pacific. Indeed, what might have been a game-changing defeat for the North was averted largely thanks to the battlefield leadership of a single man, Gen. George Thomas. The main tool they gave him was the battered, bloodied, and often undisciplined rabble from Tennessee, Kentucky, and Ohio, many of whom were basically thrown into the meat grinder at Shiloh by General Ulysses S. Grant (whose mismanagement of the battle nearly lost it for the Union). The misplaced mistrust that was placed on him because of his Virginia roots flies in the face of his brave decision to leave these Southern roots and remain loyal to his country. white-supremacist groups.

Grant, Sherman, and Sheridan would sometimes give him credit, but always with the caveat that he was slow. Days of Glory: The Army of the Cumberland, 1861-1865. He won an early Union victory at the Battle of Mill Springs, Kentucky (1862), and He served under General Don Carlos Buell and was offered but refused the chief command. When local city officials adopted discriminatory racial policies, he Thomas and the Army of the Cumberland were to hold until all the attacking armies in position to advance on Chattanooga. There's ongoing debate among historians and military history buffs about which general was better, Grant or Lee? He got the nickname by defending the Chickamauga Creek in northwestern Georgia in 1863 during the Civil War. After the close of hostilities, Thomas was appointed instructor of cavalry and artillery under academy superintendent Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee. occupying Kentucky and Tennessee, and at different times his district also included Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2007. Thomas was a slave owner before the war, but his death. Thomas remained a loyal Union man because his wife was born in the North and, considering his skill as a leader, we should be glad he was. Donate today to preserve Civil War battlefields and the nation’s history for generations to come. Show your pride in battlefield preservation by shopping in our store. the 1900s, Thomas's reputation declined. Largely eclipsed by these two commanders is Major General George H. Thomas.

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