Addams and Starr renovated the house and moved in on September 18, 1889. Calamity Jane was a woman of the Wild West renowned for her sharp-shooting, whiskey-swilling and cross-dressing ways – but also for her kindness towards others. The first settlement, and the one that inspired Addams and Ellen Gates Starr to found Hull-House was Toynbee Hall, a British settlement located in London’s East End that was founded in 1884. Addams also worked to reform employment agencies, many of which used dishonest practices, especially in dealing with vulnerable new immigrants.

Visitors, mainly immigrants, began to trickle in, and Addams and Starr quickly learned to set priorities based upon the needs of their clients.

In 1889 Addams and her college friend and paramour Ellen Gates Starr co-founded Hull House, a settlement housein Chicago. After raising enough funds to rent part of the Hull Mansion, Addams and Starr set out to aid the needy immigrants in the Halsted Street area. Jane Addams co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, and was named a co-winner of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Jane Addams Hull-House Museum (JAHHM) draws upon the legacy of international peace activist and feminist, Jane Addams, and other social reformers who lived and worked alongside their immigrant neighbors to create social change on the Near West Side of Chicago.

Addams, Starr, and other Hull House associates were instrumental in the enactment of state child labour laws and in the establishment of juvenile courts and juvenile protection agencies. Many of her classmates went on to become missionaries, but Jane Addams believed that she could find a way of serving mankind without promoting Christianity. A group of unwashed, raggedly-dressed people stood in line, waiting to purchase rotten produce that had been discarded by merchants.

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As a pioneer for women’s, children’s, workers’ and immigrant rights, Addams’ impact can be seen in every community more than 120 years later. Jane Addams and Hull-House were the public face of the settlement movement in America. They provided lawmakers with information they had compiled and spoke at community gatherings. She had inherited a large sum of money from her father but was not yet sure how she could best put it to use. The work of Hull House resulted in numerous labor union organizations, a labor museum, tenement codes, factory laws, child labor laws, adult education courses, cultural exchange groups, and the collection of neighborhood demographic data. Addams next embarked upon a trip abroad, a traditional rite of passage among wealthy young people in the nineteenth century.

These three social reformers and peace activists worked together on a special report, Women at The Hague: The International Congress of Women and Its Results, which was published that same year. Assembling a group of well-educated volunteers, Addams and Starr set up a kindergarten class, as well as programs and lectures for both children and adults. Because of ill health, she was unable to travel to Norway to accept it. Jane Addams died of intestinal cancer on May 21, 1935, only three days after her illness had been discovered during exploratory surgery. The Lessons of Jane Addams and Hull House. George did have romantic feelings for Jane, but she didn't return the sentiment. While in Baltimore, Addams was expected to attend countless parties and social functions with her stepmother. The women moved to Chicago in January 1889 when Addams was 28 years old. Other causes championed by Addams and her colleagues included improving conditions in mental hospitals and poorhouses, creating a juvenile court system, and promoting the unionization of working women. Postponing any decision about her future, she chose to accompany her father and stepmother on a trip to Michigan instead. Addams had surgery in late 1882 which improved her condition somewhat, but following a lengthy, difficult recovery period, decided that she would not return to school. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, Biography of Ida B. Wells-Barnett, Journalist Who Fought Racism, Florence Kelley: Labor and Consumer Advocate, 21 Nobel Peace Prize Winners From the United States, Frances Perkins: The First Woman to Serve in a Presidential Cabinet, Malala Yousafzai: Youngest Winner of Nobel Peace Prize, Biography of Jeannette Rankin, First Woman Elected to Congress, The 1930s: Women’s Shifting Rights and Roles in United States, National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA).

Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr decided upon Chicago as the ideal city for their new venture. Toynbee Hall was a "settlement house," where young, educated men lived in a poor community in order to get to know its residents and to learn how best to serve them. The latter was a worldwide movement with thousands of members who convened to work on strategies for avoiding war. Laura Jane Addams was born September 6, 1860, in Cedarville, Illinois to Sarah Weber Addams and John Huy Addams. Addams became personally involved with another issue: uncollected garbage on the streets in her neighborhood. In 1889, Addams and Starr opened one of the first settlements in both the United States and North America, and the first in the city of Chicago: Hull House, which was named after the building's original owner.

Her greatest honor came in 1931 when Addams was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work to promote peace worldwide. Although she is best remembered for establishing Hull House (a settlement house in Chicago for immigrants and the poor), Addams was also deeply committed to promoting peace, civil rights, and women's right to vote.

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