Some 38 million people are living with HIV/AIDS, over two-thirds of them in sub-Saharan Africa. Both systems use digital signaling . . Airports or airfields that are no longer recognizable (overgrown, no facilities, etc.) In March 2003, President Ange-Felix PATASSE was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. This entry shows who does the spending in an economy: consumers, businesses, government, and foreigners. The quality of surveys is improving with time, yet caution is still necessary in making inter-country comparisons. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. The distribution gives the percentage contribution to total GDP of household consumption, government consumption, investment in fixed capital, investment in inventories, exports of goods and services, and imports of goods and services, and will total 100 percent of GDP if the data are complete. Rebel leader Michel DJOTODIA assumed the presidency and the following month established a National Transitional Council (CNT). This entry is the total exported electricity in kilowatt-hours. This entry gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. Elections held in 2005 affirmed General BOZIZE as president; he was reelected in 2011 in voting widely viewed as flawed. We read every letter or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. This entry gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 population at midyear; also known as crude death rate. A statement on judicial review of legislative acts is also included for a number of countries. This entry provides basic information on each country’s military equipment inventories, as well as how they acquire their equipment; it is intended to show broad trends in major military equipment holdings, such as tanks and other armored vehicles, air defense systems, artillery, naval ships, helicopters, and fixed-wing aircraft. NOW 50% OFF! This entry gives the total number of airports with paved runways (concrete or asphalt surfaces) by length. . This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). In the north the most significant mountains are those of the Dar Challa range, which rise to 4,350 feet (1,326 metres) at Mount Ngaya near the border with Sudan. The discrepancy between the amount of natural gas produced and/or imported and the amount consumed and/or exported is due to the omission of stock changes and other complicating factors. A rich and varied birdlife—in addition to many varieties of snakes, bats, and insects, including many colourful butterflies and moths—makes the territory zoologically one of the most distinctive in Africa. . . This entry separates country participation in international environmental agreements into two levels - party to and signed, but not ratified. CAR shares a common currency with the Central African Monetary Union. daily. National estimates of the percentage of the population falling below the poverty line are based on surveys of sub-groups, with the results weighted by the number of people in each group. Our open-source library houses the thousands of documents, periodicals, maps and reports released to the public. The rebels - unhappy with BOZIZE's government - participated in peace talks in early January 2013 which resulted in a coalition government including the rebellion's leadership. note: rebel forces seized the capital in March 2013, forcing former President BOZIZE to flee the country; Interim President Michel DJOTODIA assumed the presidency, reinstated the prime minister, and established a National Transitional Council (CNT) in April 2013; the NTC elected Catherine SAMBA-PANZA interim president in January 2014 to serve until February 2015, when new elections were to be held; her term was extended because instability delayed new elections and the transition did not take place until the end of March 2016, note: adopted 1960; Barthelemy BOGANDA wrote the anthem's lyrics and was the first prime minister of the autonomous French territory. The average annual percent change in the population, resulting from a surplus (or deficit) of births over deaths and the balance of migrants entering and leaving a country. This entry includes the chief of mission, embassy address, mailing address, telephone number, FAX number, branch office locations, consulate general locations, and consulate locations. This entry is the country's total consumption of refined petroleum products, in barrels per day (bbl/day). Send a message here. Human trafficking is a multi-dimensional threat, depri . Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The northern part is treeless, whereas the southern portion of the country contains dense tropical rainforests, particularly along the Ubangi and Sangha rivers. . Central African Republic Population History. The measure is simple to compute and gives a precise measure of the value of output. Colonial administrators favoured some ethnic groups over others, resulting in political rivalries that persisted after independence in 1960. The Ubangi and the Shari are the largest of many rivers. This entry includes all forms of the country's name approved by the US Board on Geographic Names (Italy is used as an example): conventional long form (Italian Republic), conventional short form (Italy), local long form (Repubblica Italiana), local short form (Italia), former (Kingdom of Italy), as well as the abbreviation. Nations use different standards and procedures in collecting and adjusting the data. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This is the population pyramid for Central African Republic. This entry gives the number of medical doctors (physicians), including generalist and specialist medical practitioners, per 1,000 of the population. . . For smaller countries, lacking urban centers of 750,000 or more, only the population of the capital is presented. Third Party: Have someone you trust travel to a less restrictive environment and deliver This entry gives the annual percentage increase in industrial production (includes manufacturing, mining, and construction). Rapid population growth can be seen as . Current Health Expenditure (CHE) describes the share of spending on health in each country relative to the size of its economy.  It includes expenditures corresponding to the final consumption of health care goods and services and excludes investment, exports, and intermediate consumption.  CHE shows the importance of the health sector in the economy and indicates the priority given to health in monetary terms.  Note: Current Health Expenditure replaces the former Health Expenditures field . This entry provides the average annual price of a country's monetary unit for the time period specified, expressed in units of local currency per US dollar, as determined by international market forces or by official fiat. The growth rates are year-over-year, and not compounded. . ten wettest places on earth (average annual precipitation) describes the annual average precipitation measured in both millimeters and i . In addition to the options below, individuals contact CIA in a variety of creative ways. . This entry includes miscellaneous military information of significance not included elsewhere. This entry includes the two-letter codes maintained by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in the ISO 3166 Alpha-2 list and used by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) to establish country-coded top-level domains (ccTLDs). This entry gives the required ages for voluntary or conscript military service and the length of service obligation. 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